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MDT Facts

Microsoft Deployment Toolkit (MDT 2010) is a tool used to deploy operating systems and applications. MDT 2010:

  • Runs on Windows 7 clients and Windows Server 2008 (preferred).
  • Has either a 32-bit or 64-bit architecture.
  • Provides a deployment workbench (i.e., console) with tools, images, and necessary tasks for desktop and server deployment.
  • May use previously-captured custom images for your environment.
  • Supports the following tools:
    • Windows AIK installation (Note: This tool is required.)
    • User State Migration Tool (USMT)
    • Windows Preinstallation Environment (Windows PE)
    • Boot Configuration Data (BCD) management tool and BCDEdit command line utility
    • Deployment Image Servicing and Management (DISM)
  • Can use the following distribution methods:
    Method Description
    Lite Touch Installation (LTI) Lite Touch Installation (LTI) is a method of distribution that distributes an image with a small amount of user intervention. LTI:
    • May be used without requiring any other distribution tools.
    • Is related to most of the newly-introduce features in MDT 2010.
    Zero Touch Installation (ZTI) Zero Touch Installation (ZTI) is a method of distribution that requires no user intervention. ZTI:
    • Requires Microsoft SQL server.
    • Requires Microsoft System Center Configuration Manager (SCCM) 2007 with the Operating System Deployment Feature Pack.

 

The MDT 2010 Deployment Workbench provides the following main areas to manage and distribute Windows 7 images:

Area Description
Distribution share A distribution shareholds the system images for deployment. The distribution share also contains all the information and settings for MDT 2010. Use the distribution share to add, remove, and configure the following:
  • Operating systems
  • Applications
  • Operating system packages, including updates and language packs
  • Out-of-box (third-party) device drivers
Task sequences A task sequenceis a set of instructions MDT 2010 follows when adding updates, language packs, system packages, and applications to an image. Task sequences have the following item types:
  • Tasks are commands or actions, such as partitioning a disk, adding drivers, or installing an operating system.
  • Groups organize tasks which are related to each other.
Deployment point A deployment pointis a subset of the files in the distribution share which are necessary to install and configure a Windows 7 build on a target computer. The deployment point defines the location of specific images, such as Windows 7 or Windows PE, device drivers, updates, and applications. Distribution point types may be one of the following:
  • The lab or single-server type uses the distribution share to deploy task sequences.
  • The separate deployment share type creates a new local or remote distribution share, containing a subset of files in the distribution share. You can choose the image, drivers, updates, and applications.
  • The removable media type creates directories and an ISO (optional) for removable media, such as DVD and USB flash drive.